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## What kind of sailing is used when finding the distance to steam between two position are in the same latitude?

**The Plane Sailing method** is used to find the approximated course and distance between two positions that are on different latitudes.

## What are the different sailing methods?

The most common navigation methods are **satnav, dead reckoning, and radar navigation**. Every method has advantages and disadvantages. For example, dead reckoning and radar can be used to determine your location based on just one point or object.

## What is great circle sailing method?

A method of **navigating a ship along the shortest navigable distance between the point of departure and the point of arrival**. The shortest distance between any two points on a sphere is the circumference of the circle which joins them and whose centre is at the centre of the sphere.

## What is the significance of middle latitude sailing?

**A method of converting departure into difference of longitude**, or vice versa, when the true course is not 090° or 270° by assuming that such a course is steered at the middle latitude.

## What is the applicable formula for finding the distance d in mid latitude sailing?

The formula for calculating departure using the middle latitude is: **Dep.** **= d.** **long cos(mid lat) = 1020 cos (61.15) = 492.17 n.m.**

## What is the difference between parallel sailing and plane sailing?

Plane sailing solves problems involving a single course and distance, difference of latitude, and departure, in which the Earth is regarded as a plane surface. … Parallel sailing is the **interconversion of departure and difference of longitude** when a vessel is proceeding due east or due west.

## What is the formula use in parallel sailing?

According to circular measure, the length of an arc, which subtends any given angle at its centre, is proportional to the radius. From this, **DE/DF = BA/AC**, where DE is the departure and BA is the d.

## What is a parallel sailing?

: spherical sailing in which the course is along a parallel and departure is **the product of cosine latitude times the difference of longitude** —opposed to meridian sailing.

## How is plane sailing calculated?

These relationships are now known as the plane sailing formulae, namely: **departure = distance x sine course d.** **lat.** **=distance xcosine course.**

## What is the advantage of using great circle sailing?

The advantage of a great circle is obvious, **the shorter distance**. The disadvantages, depending on latitude, could be quite a few. Colder weather, stronger winds, higher seas and perhaps even icebergs.

## Why is it wise to use great circle sailing?

Great Circle Sailing is **used for long ocean passages**. For this purpose, the earth is considered a perfect spherical shape; therefore, the shortest distance between two points on its surface is the arc of the great circle containing two points.